John Betts - Fine Minerals > Home Page> Educational Articles > Tucson Mineral Shows


  Aesthetic Fine Mineral Specimens, Crystals, Gemstones for Rockshops, Rockhounds, Collectors and Mineral Clubs with Articles on Mineral Collecting, Mineral Locations, Mineral Research, Mineral History, Earth Sciences, Geology

A Guide to the Tucson Mineral Shows for First-Time Visitors

by John H. Betts, All Rights Reserved

LAST UPDATED February 1, 2022

Each year, in late January to early February, mineral dealers, prospectors, buyers, collectors converge on Tucson, Arizona for the annual series of gem and mineral shows. There are over 20 different shows scattered around town, each with a different schedule. Most of the shows are set up in hotels and motels, with dealers selling out of their rooms. It is probably the largest mineral "convention" in the world.

Every mineral collector should make the pilgrimage to Tucson once in their life. Amazing minerals are on view, better than you will see in any museum. (Sadly, museums cannot afford to buy many really good mineral specimens.) There are also great opportunities to buy minerals at lower than normal retail prices, because of fewer intervening middle-men. There are great minerals to buy in every price range from $5 to $5,000,000. And it is a great time of year to get away from winter weather and visit a sunny, warm vacation spot.

But it can be very confusing for the first time visitor.

The first time I visited Tucson, a friend who was a longtime veteran of the Tucson shows, took the time to give me an introduction to the shows. As we drove around the city, he pointed out the shows that were mainly minerals, explained how business was conducted, and answered my questions. It really helped me as a beginner.

Ever since that first visit, I have offered my time to other first-time visitors to help them get settled in. This article shares the same guidance with a larger audience and is an introduction to the Tucson mineral shows written specifically for mineral collectors or mineral dealers.

NOTE: This article is written from the perspective of a mineral collector and dealer with that first attended the Tucson shows in 1993. Though the article discusses all types of shows, gem, jewelry and mineral shows, it is specifically oriented to minerals and mineral shows. This is especially true in the updated notes at the end of this article.I don't know about the shows focused on beads, gems, gem rough, jewelry, or lapidary equipment.

The article will cover the basics of the Tucson shows and answer the frequently asked questions.


Getting There

Most visitors fly directly into Tucson and rent a car. I do not think there is good mass-transit from the airport. It is best to take a taxi. A few fly into Phoenix because the airfare is cheaper, then rent a car, and drive the 2-3 hours down to Tucson.

Tucson is not a good "walking" town. Be certain to select a hotel near the shows so you may access the show shuttle buses easily. You should consider booking a room no later than August. If you want to save on lodging, try looking at AirBNB or VRBO.

It is possible to get around the Tucson shows without a car. There is a free shuttle bus service that operates on 3 routes making all shows accessible without a car. Once you are at a show, it is easy to move to the next, and many shows are close together and you can walk between them. But you should select a hotel that is near the shows so you may easily get on the bus. I stay at a hotel that is 2 miles from the nearest show which requires an automobile.

Parking at several of the shows is horrendous. Not having a car can be an asset. But if you are buying heavy mineral specimens, having a nearby car to drop your purchase off between visitors is an advantage.

You might also consider using Uber, Lyft, or Via.

Travel Hint: upon arrival at the airport, you will see Tucson information tables with brochures and information on local sights. Take the time to pick up a few items that interest you.

Most of the mineral-oriented shows are centered around Interstate 10 (I-10) that runs roughly north-south along the west edge of downtown Tucson. Proximity to I-10 makes traveling to the shows easy and provides a central landmark if you get lost. In general, mineral buyers will restrict their travels to a 10 block area.

Types of Dealers

The first thing to know is there are three types of mineral dealers that coexist side-by-side at all of the shows:

Retail dealers: selling regular show stock of retail minerals. They are set up in Tucson just as any other show. Most likely they have their best material on display at this show in order to attract the attention of the serious collectors that attend the Tucson shows.

Wholesale Importers: bring in large quantities of minerals from a specific country or region and are looking to sell out their stock by the end of they show.

Commercial Collectors: they dig minerals in the field throughout the year, often at claims that they own exclusively. They bring their year's worth of production to Tucson to sell.

When you first meet a dealer, you must assess what type of dealer they are. Each type of dealer can fill a special need. At the retail dealer, you should recognize that Tucson is just another show for them and the price you pay will be the same in Tucson as it will at the next show they do in a few weeks. But they have brought their best material to this show (often they have saved the REALLY special minerals specifically for Tucson.) So you should ask the dealer if they have anything new or special. Remember, the dealer knows his stock better than you - use their knowledge to make sure you don't miss anything that a casual viewing of their minerals may not reveal.

The wholesale importers may have a large stock of minerals, in many levels of quality and prices. You should look for new finds among their stock, since it is possible they may have a mineral find that nobody else has. There is also the possibility that they have a new find, but don't know what the mineral is or it is possibly misidentified. This is your opportunity to take a gamble and pick up a specimen that may actually turn out to be something exotic.

Commercial collectors offer inexpensive minerals from obscure localities. These are my favorite types of dealer. They spend the year digging minerals and are selling them at moderate profit. Every year I look for certain collectors with minerals from Alaska, Arizona, New Mexico, Oregon, Washington, California. Even collectors from overseas will show in Tucson if they make a really big find. Because field collectors may not have big finds every year, they may not attend Tucson every year. This results in their displays being at the fringe shows, not the big venues that have regular dealer rosters.

Obviously, there are dealers that blur they line between categories. Several notable dealers sell large quantities of minerals at wholesale prices in the hotel pre-shows (more about that later) and then move to the Convention Center to sell at retail prices. (Years ago this was against show rules, but in recent years the rule has been relaxed.)

Travel Hint: Because dealers and attendees fly into Tucson from all parts of the world, it is common to get a cold or flu while in Tucson. Wash your hands frequently, avoid shaking hands and be prepared with medication. The Tucson flu is known as "Tucson Grunge".

Useful Terms

Dealers price their minerals many different ways because they are from many different places around the world. In dealer's rooms, you must first ascertain the pricing system used by the dealer. Most commonly they use these systems:

Net: The purchaser pays full the price marked on the label.

Keystone: 50% off the price marked. The purchaser pays one-half the price marked on the label.

Double Keystone: 75% off the price marked. The purchaser pays one-fourth the price marked on the label.

Triple Keystone: 66% off the price marked. The purchaser pays one-third the price marked on the label. This term is not used much these days.

Wholesale: The purchaser must have a retail business and have proof of the business with resale certificate. All wholesalers require resale licenses.

INTERLAGOS: Common among Brazilian dealers, the letters correspond to the numbers 1234567890. A mineral priced "NTR" = $235.

Look around a dealer's room when you first arrive looking for any of the terms above in signs on the wall. These will indicate the pricing plan used by the dealer. There is no standard pricing system, you can make no assumptions. If there is no indication in the room, ask the dealer how the minerals are priced. It will avoid confusion in your dealings.

Unfortunately double keystone and triple keystone are rarely used these days. Sadly, finding deeply discounted bargains may be a thing of the past, except in the last days of the show where many importers "dump" their inventory at steep discounts to avoid warehousing them for a year or shipping them home..

Show Circuit

There are many shows that make up the Tucson show circuit. They are at scattered locations throughout Tucson and have staggered start dates and end dates.

The Main Show: All of the various shows grew out of the original Tucson Gem & Mineral Show (TGMS), also known as the "Main Show", that is held at the Tucson Convention Center by the Tucson Gem & Mineral Society. It is not called the main show for nothing - it is BIG. All of the dealers hold their best specimens to display at the main show. As with any show, there are display cases, lectures, wholesale and retail dealers. But at the TGMS everything is bigger and better than any other show. The best museums will present display cases that relate to the theme of the year's show or may display their best new acquisitions. The competition display cases are the best in the USA. The mineral dealers are among the best in the world. In addition to the show, there is simultaneously a mineral symposium of lectures usually focused on a particular subject or region in the world. The lectures that are part of the mineral symposium are given by mineral experts from around the world.

The bottom line is: the TGMS is what makes visiting Tucson worth a trip from around the world. It is a must for the first time visitor and any travel itinerary should plan around the TGMS.

TGMS website:

Before the TGMS are many "jump start" or "satellite" shows at the surrounding warehouses, hotels and motels that started because wholesale mineral dealers wanted to sell to the visiting dealers prior to the predominantly retail TGMS show. The early wholesale shows were immediately successful and eventually took greater importance. Each year the satellite-shows started earlier and earlier in order to capture the early sales. In recent year, the early shows are trying to cut back duration to the 10 days prior to the TGMS. But serious buyers start lurking in the hotels in mid-to-late January hoping to be the first to visit a dealer while he is unpacking his new offerings.

Travel Hint: At any of the shows, pick up a Tucson Show Guide. This is a heavy ,complete directory of all shows, dealers, information on shuttle bus routes, and a calendar of special events. IT IS THE ONE SOURCE FOR ALL INFORMATION ABOUT DEALERS. If you are looking for fresh water pearls, or for meteorites, or fossils, or gemstones, this book has dealers listed by category and is the best way to locate the dealers selling what you want.
Below is the real Tucson Show Guide. Do not be fooled by imitators to the right. This is the one that has ALL dealers listed and ALL show venues. One tip-off to the genuine guide is that there is always (in past years) an advertisement for Rhodo.Co pasted to the cover. The is the MetaGuide targeted for metaphysical dealers. Grab one if that is what you are looking for. But it is NOT the Tucson Show Guide and does not list all dealers. The is the EZ-Guide and has an incomplete list of dealers. I see no point in grabbing more than one guide, so why bother with this - it is NOT the Tucson Show Guide. This is the Gem Show Directory, another wanna-be. Why get a look-alike. Get the real Tucson Show Guide.

Following is a summary of the satellite-shows and what you can expect:

Mainstream Hotel Shows: Entire hotels are booked with mineral dealers. Every dealer sets up displays in their room and then sleep in the same room at night. Though the hotel shows started out with wholesale dealers, you will find many retail dealers set up too making it confusing as to whether you are paying wholesale or retail prices.

Fringe Hotel Shows: These are the less popular hotel shows often far removed from the city center. Usually they cater to a particular industry (tools, machinery, gemstones, jewelry, gifts, etc.). If a mineral dealer arrives in town without a place to display arranged in advance, they will often find space in the fringe shows. It is worth checking out the fringe shows, especially after the dealers have been open for a week or so, because most likely they have poor sales due to their obscure location. If they are in a bargaining mood you be able to pickup up some good deals.

Mineral City and surrounding venues centered on Lester Street at Oracle: In recent years, many mineral dealers have invested in permanent warehouse-like facilities that have showrooms for selling minerals. This allows them to sell at any time, unrestricted by show promoters and doubles as storage for their minerals during the off season. These dealers shows are quite successful for the dealers and convenient for the buyers. But the are mostly RETAIL venues - the prices are equal to what you will pat at local mineral shows (with a few exceptions).

Wholesale Dealer Facilities: There are several wholesalers that have their own facilities in Tucson. There are several Arkansas quartz wholesalers as well as wholesalers that have large facilities for handling large quantities. The ordinary collector will find little of interest at these dealers. Proof of tax exemption (resale certificate) may be required at these wholesalers. Most notable are Top Gem, Midwest Minerals, Jewel Tunnel Imports, Howard Schlansker, Roc 3000, Holguin Minerals, Minerama.

Tent Shows and Boatner's Garage: Along Interstate-10 (I-10) the major north-south highway along the west side of Tucson, are several shows set up under large tents. These dealers often have non-mineral items like pottery or African art. But once in a while you will find a dealer with some good minerals. If you have the luxury of time, it is worth walking through these shows. One year I found a dealer in the tents that had just arrived from China with bright green emerald crystals in matrix. I made a great deal with him because few others had found him. I was able to buy these emeralds a full year before any other dealers had them.

Travel Hint: When planning your trip, build you itinerary around the TGMS. This show is a must-see.


Where Should I Stay?

In the old days this was a real problem. The AGTA held their show for gemstones simultaneously with the mineral shows. Hotel and motel rooms were in short supply. But the AGTA has shifted their schedule a week earlier. Plus many new motels have been built in Tucson. As a result, there is no longer a shortage of rooms.

However, the inexpensive rooms are in short supply. Motel chains like Motel 6 have nice rooms for around $75 per night. But getting a reservation (at least during TGMS week) can be difficult. It pays to spend a day on the phone hunting down good prices. Late reservations often mean you will pay $100-150 per night for a room. .

When Should I Go? How Long Should I Stay?

As mentioned before, you should make sure your first visit includes the main TGMS show. The TGMS is at the very end of the calendar of shows. All shows close the same Sunday that the TGMS closes. So your trip will conclude with the TGMS. Depending on time (and your travel budget) your schedule can be as short as 4 days, about the minimum amount of time required. Here are some suggested itineraries:
Duration Suggested Itinerary
4 Days Visit the best hotel mineral shows for 2 days and spend at least a day at the TGMS. One day for sightseeing.
1 Week Arrive a week before the TGMS to buy at the early jump start shows. Spend a few days sightseeing. Then visit the TGMS at the end.
2 Weeks Arrive 2 weeks before TGMS, and look around the hotels to see the dealers that set up early. Visit each satellite show as they open. Take a week-long tour around Arizona sightseeing (Grand Canyon, Petrified Forest, etc.). Return to Tucson for the TGMS. Attend the mineral symposium lectures part of the TGMS.
4 Weeks Arrive 4 weeks before TGMS. Drive to Quartzite, Arizona for a more down-to-earth mineral "bazaar". Travel back to Tucson and follow the 2 week schedule above. Perhaps make a 3-day trip field collecting in southwest Arizona.

As a veteran of many Tucson shows, I arrive two weeks before the TGMS, spend 3 days buying at the early jump start shows, pack my minerals in boxes to ship home, then fly home before the TGMS starts.It is not uncommon for me to spend my budget within 48 hours of arrival in Tucson.

What is the Weather Like?

Beautiful! Most years it is sunny and warm during the days and short shirt sleeves are fine. It gets cool at a night, so bring a lightweight coat. Pack an extra sweater in case they get a cold spell and bring along an umbrella in case of rain.

Travel Hint: If you have allergies or hay fever, be sure to bring your medication with you. Every allergy sufferer I know has allergy attacks while visiting Tucson in February.

Are the Shows Wholesale Only?

The early satellite-shows started as wholesale only. However, in recent years it has become much more relaxed. Most hotel dealers will sell to anybody. Few shows seriously enforce the wholesale only rules. The lesson for first time visitors: don't be deterred by a "wholesale only" show. You may be turned away for lacking the proper credentials, but no harm will be done.

Travel Hint: If you are a dealer, bring lots of copies of your resale certificate and business cards for proof of tax exemption and to make transactions faster.

What Are The Best Shows?

For mineral collectors, the best shows are:
Show Schedule Types of Dealers Noteworthy for:
TGMS Second weekend in February (Friday-Sunday) The BEST of everything! Minerals, displays, lectures, etc. The best in the world. MUST SEE.
Days Inn on west side of I-10 Opens 14 days before TGMS. Minerals, meteorites, rough Good prices, lots of variety.
Clarion Inn on west side of I-10 Opens 16 days before TGMS. Mostly Afghan./Pakistani dealers of gem minerals and rough. Not as good as it used to be. Many dealers are moving to other hotels.
Ramada Limited on west side of I-10 Opens 11 days before TGMS. Fossils with scattered mineral dealers Bargain can be found among the mineral dealers because they are off the main "mineral" circuit. Lots of fossil dealers here.
Westward Look Resort on Ina Road Opens 6 days before TGMS. Exclusive, high-priced minerals Way off the beaten path in a quiet resort. Expensive minerals. Closes before TGMS.
Riverpark Inn on west side of I-10 Opens 12 days before TGMS. Worldwide mineral dealers Many mineral dealers are in a wing on the south side of the hotel. Good prices and good minerals. One of my favorite shows.
Mineral &Fossil Marketplace at Oracle and Drachman Opens 12 days before TGMS. Tents filled with large importers/wholesalers from Mexico, Morocco, etc. Some local collector/dealers sell here too. Worth a visit even though it looks like just another show.
The New Gem Center (formerly Boatner's Garage) south of Days Inn on west side of I-10 Opens 12 days before TGMS. Eclectic mix of many low end dealers, but some good mineral dealers can be found here. Worth the visit if you have time. You never know what you will find.
Elks Lodge Opens 10 days before TGMS. A group of retail dealers set-up selling their old minerals at 50% discounts off retail. Prices are good, but the minerals are tired and have been through the show circuit for a year or so. Do not expect any new finds here, unless you are lucky.
Mineral City and nearby. 1801 North Oracle Road; 1893 N 11th Ave.; 635 W Lester St.; 1735 North Oracle Road, Opens 11 days before TGMS.but some dealers open as early as January 15 Mostly retail mineral dealers with top quality. Prices range from inexpensive to outrageously expensive. But mineral quality is superb. The densest concentration of quality mineral dealers, and the highest prices.

Should I Bring Credit Cards or Cash?

I make all of my purchases with business checks. International collectors bring travelers checks. Most dealers accept them and you can always exchange them at a local bank if you need cash. Many dealers accept business checks and credit cards if you are buying for a business. A kid from Morocco that just set up in a tent selling beautiful vanadinite crystals is not going to accept credit cards (he probably can't speak English either). So always have some cash readily available. Square card readers, PayPal, Venmo have also changed the dynamic by allowing the smallest dealer the ability to accept charges. But you will get the best discounts if you can avoid credit cards.

Are There Other Attractions for Sightseeing?

You will find better information on sightseeing at travel site on the Internet. However, I recommend visiting the Mission San Xavier Del Bac, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, University of Arizona Mineral Museum, Kitt Peak National Observatory, Pima Air and Space Museum, watching the sunset at Gates Pass, driving to the overlook on Sentinel Peak west of downtown Tucson.

If you have lots of time, and want to travel around Arizona, visit the Grand Canyon, Sedona, Petrified Forest or a day trip down to Mexico.

Link to Sightseeing Information:

Is there Field Collecting for Minerals Nearby?

Yes, there are many mines and collecting localities accessible in Arizona. But be forewarned, driving distances are long. Arizona is a BIG state. My favorite collecting sites near Tucson are:
Mine Location Minerals
Omega Mine Helvetia mining district azurite, malachite, aurichalcite
J.C. Holmes claim Patagonia, AZ (hard to find) vanadinite
Washington Camp Duquesne, Az. andradite garnet, quartz (including Japan-law twins), pyrite
Finch Mine (Barking Spider Mine) near Hayden, Az. wulfenite coated with drusy quartz

In early March, about 2 weeks after the Tucson shows close, the annual Rockhound Roundup is held in nearby Deming, New Mexico. This is 4-5 days of field trips at various locations plus a mineral show. For more information, contact the Deming (N.M.) Gem & Mineral Society.

Travel Hint: If you want local topographic maps visit Tucson Map & Flag at 3239 North 1st Avenue, just north of Ft. Lowell Road (887-4234). Many old topographic maps show the locations of old mines.

How do people manage to carry around their purchases

Should you bring a hand cart? At many shows you can park nearby and easily load into your car. A few shows require remote parking. Hand carts are not uncommon, but it's another think to have to carry on the plane. One dealer uses his roller luggage, filling it as he goes from dealer to dealer, then transfers them to his car when full.

How do you Get Minerals Home?

Because of restrictions with the airlines, you should avoid packing minerals in your luggage. It is best to carry only the most delicate specimens in a small carry-on bag. Do not overly pack these minerals, because you may have to unwrap them at security checkpoints.

It is much easier to ship your minerals home. There are several locations at the shows where you can pay a company to box and ship your specimens. These are temporary branches of companies like Mailboxes Etc. and they are reliable. But you will pay a premium for this service.

If you want to save some money and ship the minerals yourself, you can buy boxes and wrapping in Tucson at an office supply store or U-haul dealership and then take them to the United Parcel Service (UPS) at 29th Street and Park Avenue, south of downtown Tucson. An 18x12x12" box will hold 3-4 flats of minerals. Shipping via insured UPS Ground service will cost about $30-40 and will arrive within a week.

Many people ship large items via bulk freight. It is cheaper, but it is slower. And I have heard stories of forklifts puncturing through the bottom boxes on a pallet destroying the minerals inside. There are also shipping companies on-site at many hotels to arrange shipping (the most expensive option). I do not purchase enough to make up a full shipping pallet, so I ship via UPS.

Travel Hint: UPS may inspect your packages to ensure they meet UPS standards. Minerals must be packed in a box within a box with at least one inch of padding around all sides. If you are shipping many boxes, it might be wise leave one open for inspection to show you packed them correctly.

Where are the Bargains?

The earlier you arrive in Tucson, the better your chances of getting a "new find" at a reasonable price. It is common for a new lot of minerals to change hands several times between wholesalers and retail dealers prior to the main TGMS Show. Each time the price escalates. By the time they are offered at the main TGMS show, the prices may resemble zip codes or long distance telephone numbers. If you arrive early, you have a better chance at finding genuine bargains before another buyer recognizes their "true" value.

As with any purchase, you will be able to negotiate a better price if you are purchasing a larger quantity. Find a dealer with room full of items you want, pick your favorites, then start negotiating. You might get a good discount. If not, you can walk away. But if you are buying just one specimen in a wholesaler's room, don't expect a big discount. (Paying in cash always help too…)

Just like when you are field collecting, you must sort through 99.9% junk to find that great "find". Hard work and long hours searching every corner of Tucson will pay off. One of the best strategies is to visit the really out-of-the-way shows to find a mineral dealer that arrived in Tucson without a room reservation and got stuck in a corner. He is probably not doing any business and is facing big losses if he does not sell out. As a buyer, you are in a position to take advantage and negotiate a good deal.

Finally, if you have plenty of time and drove to Tucson (so you can carry home a big load), great deals can be made by buying out the leftover stock of a dealer on the last day of the show. It saves the dealer the trouble of wrapping and shipping home his stock. It can result in a BIG discount off his normal prices. The dealer has probably made his profit for the show by the last day anyway. But remember, you are also buying the leftovers. Don't expect to get any new finds or rarities - they sell out quickly leaving nothing unsold at the end except damaged specimens.

What Are Your Top 5 Recommendations To See?

  1. TGMS - Quite simply the best mineral show in the world. A few days at this show visiting with dealers, attending lectures, looking at the display cases is truly worth the trip to Tucson alone.

  2. Mineral City - Many of the top dealers now have permanent facilities. The best minerals for most collectors are found here early in the shows beginning around Jan. 25.

  3. Days Inn - This is another old show with lots of great mineral dealers. The outside courtyard is filled with tables that dealers in the rooms use to expand their space. Has a more bazaar-like atmosphere. Parking in nonexistent at this show. Park west of this show at the side streets off Congress Street.

  4. Ramada Limited - One of the most established shows devoted to fossils and minerals. Many of the best and oldest dealers set up here. Parking is plentiful.

  5. Riverpark Inn - An up and coming show with reasonably-priced mineral dealers and good quality. I spend more at this show than any other.

  6. Dedicated facilities of various wholesale dealers like Top Gem, Collector's Edge, Jewel Tunnel Imports, Midwest Minerals, etc.

Travel Hint: In addition to the shows and symposium, there are many special events in Tucson for mineral collectors. The Tucson Show Guide has a calendar of events that lists all the fun. Some of my favorites are: Friends of Mineralogy poolside reception at the EI; Jeff Scovil's mineral photography seminar at the Convention Center; the Saturday night silent auction and banquet at the TGMS.


It is impossible to cover every possible question in any article. The intent in this article is to make your first visit enjoyable and to give you inside information from a Tucson veteran. Hopefully this article will prepare you to handle the apparently confusing array of shows and the difficulties in planning a trip without visiting the area before. One thing is certain: after your first visit, you will want to return and return and return…

I hope this is article help visitors in planning their visit. If you have any comments or corrections, please email me at 



I returned from a successful buying trip to Tucson. All shipments arrived safely and this week is the beginning of the newly acquired minerals.

Each year I try to summarize observations regarding the health of the mineral market and mineral collecting as a hobby after spending a week in Tucson, the largest mineral market in the world. Here are some thoughts:

The changes above are a natural evolution and I welcome them after dealing with hotels that have no parking, or leaky roofs, or failed plumbing.

This year in Tucson I saw many jaw-dropping surprises. Most notable was topsy-turvy pricing on minerals. At one dealer were two similar-sized large cabinet specimens, one a nice bi-colored yellow-purple zoned fluorite specimen from Illinois, the other a cluster of lustrous blue prismatic azurite crystals to 50 mm from the Tsumeb Mine, Namibia.

The specimens were the same size, placed one shelf apart in the dealers display.

But the Illinois fluorite was priced at $9500 and the large azurite from Tsumeb was priced at $4500. An Illinois fluorite is worth more than a Tsumeb azurite with 50 mm crystals???!!!

If the azurite crystals were small, then the relatively low price may be appropriate. If there was damage on the azurite crystals, then I could understand the price being too low. Conversely, if the Illinois fluorite was high transparency blue-yellow combination then I could understand the high price. But it was just another fluorite, with typical edge damage. Twenty years ago it probably sold for $200.

The azurite was correctly priced. The Illinois fluorite should have been priced around $2500.

Why? Prices are controlled by supply and demand.

The supply of Tsumeb azurite specimens with distinct 50 mm crystals is highly limited. And demand will always be high because collectors are always looking for great Tsumeb specimens. After all, there is a Tsumeb Collectors group on Facebook, but there is not an Illinois Fluorite Collectors group. The Illinois fluorite was average, had damage to the crystal edges, and there were no shortage of Illinois fluorite specimens being offered by many dealers throughout Tucson.

This is just one example of inexperienced dealers pricing minerals. I am certain the Illinois fluorite will end up in the discount bin next year, but even at 50% off it will still be overpriced.

What basis did I make the judgment about their prices?

My judgment was based on:

These young dealers call me pompous and out-of-date. I call them foolish and inexperienced.

It is very easy to overpay for a mineral specimen. The real skill is finding fairly priced minerals.

I wish I could get more minerals at good prices. But it is hard work. The search at mineral shows is the same as collecting on an old mine dump: searching through thousands minerals to find the few worthy of taking home. These new dealers are willing to put in the time and effort to find the good deals. They will learn. But it will take time.




OK, I will get it out of the way: Once again there was an overabundance of wildly overpriced minerals. (Because they are so memorable this is usually all anybody will discuss when talking about the Tucson mineral shows.) Done. Nothing to add. Let's move on.

There were many old collections being dispersed, available from a wide variety of dealers, in a variety of price ranges. This was remarkable for Tucson, where collections of classic minerals have been thin in recent years. I think the abundance this year was purely coincidental and a result of random chance.

There were some genuine new finds. Most obvious were octahedral pink fluorite crystals from Mongolia. MANY dealers had these specimens in a variety of sizes with widely varying color saturation and surface luster. Many dealers priced them as if they were pink fluorite from the French-Swiss Alps. But they were much too common to command such a premium. And I am personally unconvinced of the color stability. I purchased two small equally-matched crystals and plan to keep one in the dark, and place the other in the sun to see if the color fades.

More of Rock Currier's mineral collection was being dispersed. Rock was one of the most significant mineral wholesalers and traveled the world in search of new mineral finds. His collection was full of mineral specimens that he found personally interesting. They were available at a satellite show. Unfortunately they were priced at full retail, so the specimens I acquired will be too high priced to offer at a reasonable price on my site. And there was wide variation in the prices. There was a thumbnail box with a clear yellow fluorapatite from Cerro Mercado, Mexico priced at $400 in a display case, but directly opposite the case, on a table of thumbnail specimens, was a similar clear yellow fluorapatite from Cerro Mercado, Mexico priced at $30. What's up with that?

The Tucson mineral shows are in transition again. The shows started in hotels west of town preceding the "Main" TGMS show, principally at the Desert Inn. When the original hotels fell into disrepair, or were demolished, the action shifted to the Inn Suites Hotel, now the Hotel Tucson City Center (TCC). Now that hotel is under new management, lost it's expansive adjacent parking lot, and the show management is moving to new, high-end hotel 40 minutes north of town in 2021 at the El Conquistador Resort. At the same time, many of the best mineral dealers are leasing their own showrooms in a new area dubbed Mineral City, five minutes north of the TCC. Mineral City is in it's infancy, but clearly will become the center of action for good minerals. I will attend and shop the dealers at the new El Conquistador show next year, but probably only one time - not like the TCC where you could easily stop in at the end of each day. And Hopefully the Mineral City area will get some food vendors, a beer garden, lounge seating and more parking.

One side note, the Mineral City also needs some good signage. I visited the show for several days, before stumbling on the "B" building that had two of my favorite dealers.

Lastly I want to share my amazement at the scale of the enormity of the mineral market as evidenced by the expansive tents filled with tons of minerals, fossils, decorative rock, petrified wood, lapidary rough. Anyone that spends time walking these shows must be awestruck at the scope of the market. Hundreds of dealers ship great tonnage in to Tucson, and then sell to buyers for small businesses to be shipped out around the world. It is like a huge ant colony where each attendee has their own task and it all adds up to a stunning operation. You cannot but come to any other conclusion but that the rock & mineral business/hobby/collecting is healthy and vigorous.


Boy, has Tucson changed! Covid-19 and the closure of several hotels forced many changes. The best hotel-based mineral show, Hotel Tucson City Center (TCC), closed and is being converted to residential apartments. The mineral dealers that sold at the TCC scattered to many small new venues, or to expanded spaces at Mineral City and other "warehouse" based shows centered around the intersection of Oracle and Lester, north of Speedway. Sadly most dealers are amateurs and are inexperienced at notifying their customers of where they moved. I never located 10 of my regular sources this year.

As usual I arrived in Tucson early (Jan. 24) and the Tucson Show Guide never arrived at the shows, so there was no easy way to find where dealers moved to. I do not know if the Tucson Show Guide is gone forever, a victim of Covid-19 or if they were simply late compared to previous years. There is a smaller guide the Tucson EZ-Guide which has maps and directories of the many mineral and gem shows, but it lacks the product directory that allows finding dealers by the products they sell.

Prices are still shifting towards "retail" with fewer true wholesale dealers. But do not despair, if you put in the footwork, visit all of the shows, look at every dealer, you will be able to buy at wholesale. It just is not as easy as the old days when there were large venues focusing solely on wholesale (I am specifically referring to the Desert Inn and the Executive Inn). A retail dealer selling at 20% off list price is NOT a wholesaler. In the old days Keystone, Double Keystone and Triple Keystone pricing were common from wholesale shows. This shift towards retail pricing is driven by high-end collectors traveling to Tucson, and they are willing to buy at retail prices.

I spent a week buying minerals, starting early as mentioned above. All of the underpriced minerals disappeared quickly as dealers, early-birds like me bought them up. I visited many sellers repeatedly over the week. The difference between Jan. 24 and Feb. 1 was remarkable. All of the reasonably priced minerals were gone after 5 days. I felt sorry for anyone trying to find bargains after Jan. 28.

This year Covid also has taken it's toll on the mineral business. Many dealers had their shipments delayed by shipping companies or by Customs. Other importers complained that they could not ship minerals out of the country of origin, notably minerals from Madagascar. On Feb. 1, Fedex formally announced suspension of Ground Freight service, caused by the Omicron variant reducing their workforce. MANY dealers I spoke to were waiting on Fedex for their new inventory.

Lastly, because more and more mineral dealers are moving to permanent facilities at Mineral City and nearby, they are abandoning the "Main" TGMS show, which was the reason the mineral shows started in Tucson in the first place. Who knows if the trend will continue, or a new generation of dealers will rise to replace them. I do know the TGMS is scared and doing their best to retain quality mineral dealers for their show.


John Betts - Fine Minerals Home Page

Please support our sponsor

© John H. Betts - All Rights Reserved